According to Crime Clock calculations: there is 1 forcible rape every 54 minutes in California and 1 forcible rape every 6 minutes nationwide.

  • Acquaintance Rape – victim/survivor and perpetrator/assailant know each other. 77% of completed rapes are committed by someone who is known to the victim.
  • Adult – a person over the age of 18.
  • Advocate – someone who provides informational and emotional support to the survivor.
  • Aggressive – taking away the rights of others to get something you want. Putting them down and/or making them feel threatened.
  • Assailant or Perpetrator – the person or persons who committed the crime.
  • Assembly Bill 537 – this California law states that it is illegal to harass or discriminate against students based on real or perceived sexual orientation and gender identity. 2 out of 3 Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Questioning youth (LGBTQ) experience some form of harassment or violence at school because of their sexuality.
  • Assertive – standing up for your self, defending your rights, expressing your feelings and wants clearly without taking away the rights of others.
  • Bisexual – A person whose sexual orientation is towards both males and females.
  • Child Molestation – sexual conduct between an adult and a child (someone 12 years of age or younger). Between 1/3 and 2/3 of known sexual assault victims are age 15 or younger.
  • Consent – to give permission. Legally, one cannot give consent to have sex if they are under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
  • Drug Facilitated Rape – sexual assault that is facilitated (or made possible) by the administering of a drug.
  • Date Rape Drug – a drug given to someone to make it easier to sexually assault him or her.
  • Date Rape – victim/survivor and perpetrator/assailant are dating. A study of 1000 female students indicated that 12% of unwanted sexual acts were perpetrated by casual dates and 43% by steady dating partners.
  • Multiple Assailant/Gang or Party rape – rape committed by more than one person. In 10% of all reported cases, more than one assailant was involved.
  • Gay – One who has significant sexual and romantic attractions primarily to members of same sex (as oneself) often refers to only gay men, others use term to refer to gay men and lesbian women.
  • Gender Identity – the gender (male or female) one experiences ones self to be regardless of one’s biological sex. For example, if Jane is biologically female but identifies as male, then Jane’s gender identity is male.
  • Gender expression – way one expresses his or her gender.
  • Genitalia – The reproductive organs, esp. the external sex organs (ex: penis or vagina).
  • GHB (Gamma Hydroxybutrate) – common date rape drug. GHB can be made in a liquid or powder form, and its effects can be felt within 15 minutes of indigestion. Depending on the dosage, the effects can be different. A smaller dosage can create an intensified alcohol like buzz; a higher dose can cause death. Other stages include becoming sexually aggressive, out of body feeling, vomiting, memory loss, shallow breathing, and seizures. GHB is especially dangerous because it is made out of some of the same ingredients that are found in bleach and drain cleaner, so if it is not mixed properly one can die. See topic of the month for more information.
  • Heterosexual – someone whose sexual orientation is towards the opposite sex (ex. A male has sexual and romantic attractions toward females.)
  • Homosexual – someone whose sexual orientation is towards the same sex (Ex. A male has sexual and romantic attractions toward other males.)
  • Hostile Environment – when unwelcome sexual attention is so severe, persistent, or pervasive that it affects one’s ability to participate in or benefit from an education program or activity, or creates an intimidating, threatening or abusive environment.
  • Incest – sexual contact between family members.
  • Lesbian – A female who has sexual and romantic attractions toward other females.
  • LGBTQ/GLBT/LGB/LGBT/GLB/GLBT/GLBTQ – Acronyms used to refer to persons who identify as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Questioning/Queer.
  • Minor – a person under the age of 18.
  • Oral sex – sex play involving the mouth and sex organs (genitalia)
  • Passive – not expressing your feelings. Acting as though others’ needs are more important than your own. Going along with someone or something when you don’t want to.
  • Perceived – what you think based on actions, dress, appearance, etc. Your perception is your opinion; it is not always fact.
  • Queer – reclaimed derogatory slang for populations of persons who identify as LGBTQ. Not acceptable by all LGBTQ persons, especially those who recall the memories of abuse this word caused when used against them as youngsters.
  • Questioning – A person who is questioning their sexual orientation or hasn’t chosen a label.
  • Quid Pro Quo – Latin term that means “this for that”.
  • Rape – forced sexual intercourse.
  • Rape Trauma Syndrome – Pattern of response among rape victims. There are many ways people deal with sexual assault. There is no “right” style of coping with crisis. Rape Trauma Syndrome characteristically includes three phases of reaction: acute reaction, outward adjustment/distancing, and resolution. Acute reaction is characterized by: shock, disbelief, dismay; followed by anxiety, fear, sometimes guilt, shame, helplessness, susceptibility to influence of helping persons. Outward Adjustment/Distancing is characterized by: return to work, home, or school pursuits; blocking of trauma; possible anger and resentment; dealing with feelings about assailant and assault. Survivor may move, change jobs, relationships, etc. The resolution phase is characterized by: the need to talk about the assault; possible periods of depression; anger at assailant for having used her/him; or at her/himself for being used; anger at society for encouraging assault.
  • Rohypnol or “roofies” – common date rape drug. The effects of this drug can be felt within 20-30 minutes, and it is dangerous because roofies are colorless, odorless, and tasteless, which means one would not be able to taste roofies in water. Some signs of roofies are extreme intoxification, reduced inhibitions, and blacking out. See topic of the month for more information.
  • Same-sex assault – forced sexual contact between members of the same sex (i.e. women sexually assaulting women).
  • S.A.R.T. – Acronym standing for Sexual Assault Response Team and a program of Community Violence Solutions. This team consists of CVS staff, County Health and Human Service Departments, local law enforcement agencies, crime labs, hospitals, and District Attorneys offices. The goal of S.A.R.T. is to provide an effective, compassionate forensic medical exam to collect evidence and improve prosecution rates, and to increase the level of safety and support available to victims.
  • SART exam – Forensic exam used to collect evidence after a sexual assault.
  • Sexual Assault – forced sexual contact. Someone can be forced into sexual activity physically (beatings, overpowering, restraining), emotionally (threats, peer pressure, guilt), or through drugs (someone whose judgment is impaired or who is passed out cannot always stop unwanted sexual activity from taking place.)
  • Sexual Harassment – unwanted sexual attention. 4 out of 5 students (81%) have experienced some form of sexual harassment during their school years.
  • Sexual Orientation – the direction (toward males, females, or both genders) of our emotional, social, psychological, and physical attractions.
  • Shock – an acute impairment of vital functions following a traumatic experience (ex. inability to speak or move, limbs go weak, loss of control over bodily functions, crying, increased heart rate, etc.)
  • Spousal or Marital Rape – forcing a husband or wife to have sex. 25% of surveyed women and 8% of surveyed men said they were raped and/or physically assaulted by a current or former spouse, cohabitating partner, or date in their lifetime.
  • Statutory Rape – when someone over 18 years old has sex with someone under 18 years old. A recent study by the Population Reference Bureau found that about two thirds of births to teenage girls nationwide are fathered by adult men age 20 or older. The Alan Guttmacher Institute’s 1994 report, “Sex and America’s Teenagers,” found that 6 of 10 girls who had sex before age 15 were coerced by males an average of 6 years older than them.
  • Stranger Rape – victim/survivor and perpetrator/assailant do not know each other.
  • Transgender – the groups of all people who are inclined to cross the gender line, including transsexuals, cross dressers, and gender benders. This is how the word is commonly used today. Referred to as the umbrella definition as it covers all behaviors that transcend traditional gender norms.
  • Victim vs. Survivor of Sexual Assault – both terms refer to a person who has been sexually assaulted. However, usually anyone who lives through a sexual assault is called a survivor not a victim.
  • Vulnerable – being in a position where one is more open to attack or criticism.

An estimated 302,100 women & 92,700 men are forcibly raped each year in the U.S.